1830 Cherokees and the State of Massachusetts - Trail Of Tears
The entire title of this rare and unusual government pamphlet is:
CHEROKEE AND OTHER INDIANS. MEMORIAL OF THE INHABITANTS OF THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS, IN RELATION TO THE CHEROKEES AND OTHER INDIAN TRIBES. READ, AND COMMITTED TO THE COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE HOUSE ON THE STATE OF THE UNION. MARCH 1, 1830.
This is a 'memorial' from the citizens of Massachusetts asking the federal government to stand by their treaties with the Cherokees of Massachusetts and other states partly with these words:
'In conclusion, our Memorialists do humbly entreat the National Legislature to interpose and deliver the country from all apprehension of violated faith,-to redeem the sacred pledges of our national government.-to protect the defenseless aboriginal tribes in their rights,- and to give them assurance that all public engagements with them are to be fulfilled in the most honorable manner, according to the true intent and meaning of those engagements, and the understanding of the parties.'
This memorial was read before the whole committee as a part of the State of the Union on March 1, 1830 only 2 1/2 months before The Indian Removal Act was signed by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. This forced emigration was soon called 'The Trail of Tears'. During this time of upheaval and forced emigration, the citizens of Massachusetts wanted the federal government to allow the Cherokee Nation to stay on their ancestral lands. Below is a link to a complete reading of this important and rare document:
This is an original document and was only given to Congressmen, Senators, and their aides.
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