RARE 1853 First Edition of Influence of the American Colonization Society.
This is a first edition of a book written by Giles Badger Stebbins, a renowned abolitionist who counted Frederick Douglass and Garrit Smith among his friends. This book is in answer to an organization called the American Colonization Society (ACS). The full name of the group was The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America. It brought together various groups that all had one goal in mind and that was to send free people of color back to Africa because they felt that the presence of free people of color 'served as "a perpetual excitement" to the enslaved blacks and threatened the slave societies of the South'.
On December 21, 1816 the society was first organized in Washington DC and some of the prominent members were Charles Fenton Mercer, Henry Clay, James Monroe, Andrew Jackson, Francis Scott Key, and Daniel Webster. Quakers and other religious groups were also involved with the relocation of free people of color to Liberia in Africa and thought that they were helping them ' find better chances for full lives in Africa than in the United States'. In all, this society was able to move more than 13,000 people to Liberia.
The complete title of this book is:
"Facts & opinions touching the real origin, character & influence of the American colonization society; views of Wilberforce, Clarkson & others."
This is a review of the American Colonization Society whose main focus is to 'return' freed slaves to Africa. Written by anabolitionist, this book was a way to show what was considered the true nature of this society - in their own words - with a chapter included near the back of the book entitled 'Opinions of Free People of Color' detailing the true feelings and opinions of prominent African-Americans of the time concerning the ACS.
Stebbins doesn't actually acclaim the falsehoods perpetrated by this organization but allows their own words and writings to show the truth.
A very interesting and rare little book on an understudied and forgotten part of our past that eventually led to the American Civil War.
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